[JPL] gospel songs and spirituals by jazz musicians

mjazzer at yahoo.com mjazzer at yahoo.com
Wed Feb 16 15:01:53 EST 2011


Uros Markovic Gospel Jazz Trio with Reginald Veal, Eric Lewis
Sent via BlackBerry by AT&T

-----Original Message-----
From: Mike Stratton <dreamtrane at gmail.com>
Sender: jazzproglist-bounces at jazzweek.com
Date: Wed, 16 Feb 2011 14:55:07 
To: <jazzproglist at jazzweek.com>
Reply-To: jazzproglist at jazzweek.com
Subject: Re: [JPL] gospel songs and spirituals by jazz musicians

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Carl Allen & Rodney Whitaker - "Speak To My Heart", "With You I'm Born
Again"

- Mike Stratton

On Wed, Feb 16, 2011 at 12:42 PM, eric jackson <eric-jackson at comcast.net>wrote:

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>
> On 02/16/2011 11:05 AM, Tom Reney wrote:
>
>> **** Follow us at twitter.com/jazzweek ****
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>
> The first religious music that the colonists sang here were Psalms. They
> were usually sung very slowly but still they were used to open many of the
> events held in the community.
>
> Early in the 18th century, there was a Prrotestant revival here called the
> Great Awakening. The Watts hymnal and John Wesley's hymnal (the co-founder
> of the Methodist Church) arrived around that time and hymns grew in
> popularity.
>
> Late in the 18th century reports started turning up about African American
> musical religious practices. Many of the white leaders of the church were
> unhappy because African Americans were composing there own songs and not
> singing what was in the hymnals. When they did sing songs from the hymnals,
> they often added refrains so that everyone could join in the singing.
>
> In there gatherings, after formal worship, African American's would perform
> the ring-shout. It was perhaps in the ring-shout that the spirituals were
> born but they were very different than what we now think of as African
> American Spirituals. In many ways, this was still African music and many of
> the people who observed this said that they were unable to notate what they
> were hearing. Sometimes this music is called folk spirituals.
>
> After the Civil War ended, Fisk University was established by the
> Freedman's Bureau. It went through difficult financial times in the early
> days. Many northerners who supported the idea of education for black folks
> would not support Fisk because it was a liberal arts college and they
> thought that black folks should have vocational training. In an effort to
> raise money for the school, the treasurer, George White, who was white
> incidentally, organized a vocal ensemble to rasise money for the school.
> Based on a dream White had, the group became known as the Fisk Jubilee
> Singers. This group Europeanized the spirituals when they performed them,
> making them sound very different from the early spirituals which contained
> improvisation in addition to the spontaneous interjections that were absent
> from the Fisk style spirituals.
>
> In 1871, the Fisk Jubilee Singers went on tour. That same year, evangelist
> Dwight Moody and song leader Ira Sankey teamed up to spread the religious
> word. They began to use a livelier type of music for Sunday School and
> revival meetings. This music was called gospel music.
>
> Te Pentecostal Movement also emerged about this time. They used a variety
> of instruments in the church. Some even encouraged them to use the music
> they had been listening to before they were Christians in an effort to reach
> out to people. Arizona Dranes, a blind women, is said to have been the first
> person to play piano on a gospel record. She even recorded one very
> interesting instrumental called Crucifixtion.
>
> At the beginning of the 20th century Charles Albert Tindley was composing
> music in his church in Philly. He is often called the grandfather of black
> gospel. A few years later, the son of a preacher who had learned to play
> music in the church became attracted by Atlanta's nightlife and so as a
> young man. Thomas A. Dorsey was an in demand pianist. He went on to work and
> record with Ma Rainey. He even had a hit or two recording under the name of
> Georgia Tom with Tampa Red. When his wife died in child birth, he wrote what
> was perhaps his most famous song, Take My Hand, Precious Lord. Dorsey went
> onto establish a number of things for gospel music even though he had to
> fight opposition from many church leaders who didn't like Dorsey introducing
> what they thought of as a secular sound into the church.
>
>
> Eric Jackson
> WGBH Boston
> Mon -Thurs 8 PM - Mid
> Sunday 10 PM - Mid.
> www.wgbh.org/listen/jazz.cfm
>
>
>
>
>
>
>>
>> Hymns, by jazz musicians, certainly!
>>
>> Thanks for the suggestions. Titles would be most helpful. I've got a
>> pretty good memory bank of many of these recordings, so I'm looking for
>> specifics wherever possible.
>>
>> I'll compile a list next week.
>>
>> Tom
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> On 2/16/2011 11:00 AM, eric jackson wrote:
>>
>>> **** Follow us at twitter.com/jazzweek ****
>>>
>>>
>>> On 02/16/2011 10:09 AM, Tom Reney wrote:
>>>
>>>> **** Follow us at twitter.com/jazzweek ****
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> I'm putting together a database of jazz versions of gospel songs and
>>>> spirituals, and I'd appreciate your suggestions.
>>>>
>>>> Thanks,
>>>>
>>>> Tom
>>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> Are you not including hymns? I ask because you didn't mention them.
>>>
>>> Eric Jackson
>>> WGBH Boston
>>> Mon -Thurs 8 PM - Mid
>>> Sunday 10 PM - Mid.
>>> www.wgbh.org/listen/jazz.cfm
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
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>>
>>
>
>
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